The gambling market and new online casinos booming. Many have new games on offer, but they also rely on the classics. But where do the games come from and which are the oldest?

How the dice game came about

The game of dice is probably the oldest game in human history. It arises from the original form, the bone throwing. Originally, in ancient Egypt, throwing bones was used for divination. Over time, it developed into a (game of chance).

The first cubes were made from animal teeth or bones. The cube shape we know today comes from Korea. They were used in a Buddhist game called "Elevation". Modern casinos still use dice for games like Sic Bo, Craps or Dice.

The first card games

The oldest finding of playing cards comes from the Chinese province of Turkestan and is dated to the 11th century. In India, round game pieces were used instead of cards, in China dominoes were preferred. The first games came about with the cards.

In 15th century Italy. Baccarat was invented and it was played in France as early as the 18th century. Blackjack and New Orleans became a poker stronghold in the 19th century. The playing cards we are familiar with today have their origins in France, after all clubs, spades, hearts and caros are well-known companions even today. 

The beginnings of casino gambling

The word "Casino" comes from the Italian and means something like summer house or small villa. Usually this cottage was on the site of a large estate or square. It was not until the 19th century that private events became public casinos in Europe, where gambling and betting were indulged.

Due to the large number of emigrants who met in the USA, a wide range of games developed. River boats, which people played on, came into fashion in the 18th century. Pretty soon, beautifully designed casinos were swimming up and down the Ohio or Mississippi. Amusement arcades were also built in major cities such as Chicago and New York. These attracted the elite because they could afford high stakes and high losses. 

Casinos and amusement arcades became big business. The main centers of gambling in the 20th century were Monte Carlo, Las Vegas and Atlantic City. Macau now leads the ranking.

Where does chess come from?

The first beginnings of the game of chess can be found in Persia in the 7th century. Already in the Middle Ages it was a popular pastime for scholars and the nobility. The first works on game theory and game strategies in chess also date from this period. The form of chess known today arose in Spain in the 15th century.

The game of chess experienced a boom in the 19th century. Chess schools opened in Europe, chess clubs and chess magazines spread. Entire chess tournaments were held, which finally culminated in the first world chess championship in 1886. This event and the game are still very important to this day and have even made it into film and television (e.g. “The Queen's Gambit” (Netflix 2020) or “Queen of Katwe” (2016)).

Chess plays a very special role in the computers of the 20th and 21st centuries. Chess computers are some of the most powerful computers in the world. There are a number of sites on the World Wide Web that specialize in chess. It is estimated that chess is played more online than on a board these days.

Roulette

Roulette originated in France in the 18th century, although there were also pre-forms here. Presumably it was first played by the nobility, and then after the French Revolution by the upper Parisian bourgeoisie. It also quickly conquered North America before gambling was banned at the end of the 19th century. 

Reasons why roulette is so popular are, among other things, the rather high odds. Whether at the table or online, roulette experienced a renaissance in the 20th century.

Rummy

The origin of rummy is not exactly clear. One trail leads to Mexico in the 19th century, another to the Chinese Ming dynasty. At the beginning of the 20th century, the game of rummy spread around the world. It is one of the most popular games today. It's also a lot easier than backgammon or chess.

Backgammon

Backgammon is probably the oldest game known to man. The earliest evidence of this comes from Iran, ancient Persia. They are almost 5000 years old. Presumably the Romans then brought it to Europe. There are also tournaments and world championships for backgammon. The first World Cup was held in Las Vegas in 1967. 

And today?

All of these games have made it into the modern age. Most of them can now also be played online in casinos. Do you want to try one of them? Use a casino, which free no deposit bonuses offers. So you can just try it out.